In the second half of the 4th millennium BC, the culture of the Early Bronze Age, also known as Shengavit or Kuro-Arax cultures, took shape in Armenia. It embraced an enormous territory, including the Armenian Highland and adjacent regions. The most important centre of this culture was the Valley of Ararat. More than six hundred fortress-settlements and burial mounds of the Early Bronze Age were found in excavations.

The Exhibition presents:

  • ritual hearths, stands and supports, clay vessels, anthropomorphic, zoomorphic and phallus-like clay statuettes, excavated from the early settlements of Shengavit, Mokhrablour, Karnut, Harich, Agarak and Elar
  • a rich and diverse assortment of specimens, excavated from the mentioned archeological sites and monuments, which testifies to the fact that the distinctive material and spiritual culture of the native population of Armenia occupied a special place in the earliest Near Eastern civilization. In this context, of exceptional value is the Early Bronze Age pottery of Armenia with its imagery of ritual-magical nature
  • photographs made during the first excavations of Shengavit under the guidance of Evgeny Bayburdian in 1936 -1938.