In ancient times, Cilicia was mainly inhabited by the Armenians, Assyrians, Jews and Greeks. In the 10th century, the Armenian population became so dense that a new episcopal diocese of the Armenian Church was founded in Tarson. In 1080, Prince Ruben I, who settled in Mountainous Cilicia, managed to throw off the Byzantine domination and found the Rubenid principality. On January 6, 1198, Prince Levon II was anointed Armenian king. In the 12th-13th centuries, the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia was [...]