The exhibition is dedicated to Toros Toramanyan, who made great contributions to the Armenian culture The Exhibition presents relics of Armenian culture from the Early Middle Ages to the  17th century. In the 1920s, Toros Toramanian gathered early medieval steles from different places in Armenia and brought them to the History Museum of Armenia. These pieces became irreplaceable witnesses of an identity, acknowledged all over the world, and an inviolable arsenal of scientific arguments. Monument [...]

... Holy Mother of God, The messenger of people, cherub with living flesh, The queen of heaven. Immaculate as air, pure as light ... Help me, using the wings of your prayers, You, confessable Mother of the living... - Grigor Narekatsi The Exhibition presents historically formed reflections of the cult of the Mother of God from the early Christian period to the 18th century. Virgin Mary /Mother of God, Mother of Lord/ - the Armenian Apostolic, Catholic and Orthodox Churches revere Her as Virgin M [...]

The History Museum of Armenia was founded by the Parliament Law No. 439, September 9, 1919. It was called Ethnographic-Anthropological Museum-Library and had Yervand Lalayan as its first director. Started receiving visitors on August 20, 1921. The was renamed State Central Museum of Armenia (1922), Cultural-Historical Museum (1931), Historical Museum (1935), State History Museum of Armenia (1962) and History Museum of Armenia (2003). The foundation for the founding collection of the History Muse [...]

Along with sculpture and miniature painting, carpets are one of the best manifestations of the distinct culture of the Armenian people. Armenian carpets are ornamented “texts”, in which the sanctified symbols of our ancestors’ beliefs, worship and religious notions, coming from the depths of millennia, have been preserved. Armenian carpets adhere to traditions. Imitation and representation of the same ornament-ideogram in countless variations of style and colour comprise the basis of every new c [...]

On August 23, 1990, the Supreme Council adopted the Declaration about Armenia’s Independence. The absolute majority of the participants of the referendum that took place on September 21, 1991, voted for independence. On September 23, the Supreme Council declared the Republic of Armenia an independent state. On December 21, 1991, the USSR collapsed as a state on the Soviet territory. The Constitution, the basic law of the country, was adopted by the referendum of July 5, 1995, and a multi-party s [...]

On November 29, 1920, the Revolutionary Committee of Armenia with the military units of the Eleventh Army declared the sovietization of Armenia. By the Russian-Armenian Agreement of December 2, the government of the Republic of Armenia laid down its power. In the early hours of December 3, the delegation of the resigned government signed a peace treaty with Turkey in Alexandrapol under heavy terms, by which Armenia renounced the Treaty of Sèvres. A firm system of state governing was set up, with [...]

1915 marks the beginning of the first genocide of the 20th century, the Armenian Genocide, executed in the cradle of Armenians in Western Armenia and in all the six Armenian-populated vilayets in the Ottoman Empire: the provinces of Erzrum, Bitlis, Kharberd, Sebastia, Van, Diarbekir, and in the capital Istanbul. This was the first, unprecedented crime of total physical annihilation, perpetrated by one nation against another. As evidenced by Armin Wegner, “The Armenians died all the deaths on the [...]

In May, 1918, the Turkish troops invaded Eastern Armenia. On May 15, they captured Alexandrapol, and on May 21, the station and the village of Sardarapat. The battles went in three directions: Sardarapat, Bash-Aparan and Gharakilisa. The Battle of Sardarapat began on May 22. All Armenian people rose to defend their Motherland and Yerevan. On May 22-26, at the Battle of Sardarapat, the Turkish army of 15 000 soldiers retreated to Alexandrapol. On May 23-27, the Turks were defeated in Bash-Aparan, [...]

In 1862, Zeytun became a major centre of struggle of Western Armenians against the national, religious and social persecutions under the Ottoman domination. As a result of the Russian-Turkish war in 1877-1878, a number of provinces in historical Armenia were ceded to Russia, forming the province of Kars. Most of the Western Armenia remained under the rule of Turkey. According to the Treaty of San Stefano (Article 16), the Turkish side had undertaken obligations of guaranteeing the security of th [...]

The examples of Armenian embroidery are connected with the traditional everyday life and costumes. The embroidered textiles and their original ornamental design with diverse compositional and colour solutions and versions are closely linked with other fields of Armenian art: sculpture, miniature painting, carpet-weaving and jewellery. The well-known centres of Armenian embroidery Van-Vaspourakan, Karin, Shirak, Syunik-Artsakh and Cilicia, with their major and minor schools, are distinguished by [...]