In the mid-9th century BC, one of the most powerful states of the Ancient Near East, known as Urartu from Assyrian inscriptions, came down to the historic scene in the Armenian Highland. The Urartians called their country Biainili. It is mentioned as the Araratian Kingdom in the Bible.
The presented objects bear witness to a highly developed civilization of ancient Eastern type with a solid state system, literature, original ritual-religious system, prospering towns, crafts and arts. Urartu collapsed in the struggle against the Medians, Babylonians and Scythians in 585 BC. After the decline of the Urartian statehood, the kingdom of the Armenian Yervandids (Orontids) was formed on the same territory.
The Exhibition presents:
- an exceptional selection of about one thousand finds from the archeological excavations on the territory of Armenia, continuously carried out since 1937 to our days: from the Fortress of Teishebaini (Karmir Blour), as well as from other old settlements, excavated on the territory of Armenia: Erebuni, Argishtikhinili- Armavir, Lori Berd, Bjni, Geghovit, Dvin, Talin and Tavush
- specimens of metal-working, jewellery, ceramics and murals, highly artistic statuettes of bronze, clay and wood, various kinds of arms and armament, cuneiform inscriptions, bearing the names of the Urartian kings Menua, Argishti I, Sarduri II, Rusa I and others, also the one, which states that the city of Yerevan was founded in 782 BC.