In 1862, Zeytun became a major centre of struggle of Western Armenians against the national, religious and social persecutions under the Ottoman domination. As a result of the Russian-Turkish war in 1877-1878, a number of provinces in historical Armenia were ceded to Russia, forming the province of Kars. Most of the Western Armenia remained under the rule of Turkey. According to the Treaty of San Stefano (Article 16), the Turkish side had undertaken obligations of guaranteeing the security of th [...]