Excavated finds from the earliest settlements spread all over Armenia show a picture of those times, when preconditions were formed for the first state unions (Hayasa- Azi, Confederation of Nairi Countries, Etiuni, etc.), when an anthropological, ethnic, cultural and linguistic grouping commenced on the territory of historical Armenia, which resulted in the appearance of the Armenian people, the bearer of this entity. This process ended in the first half of the 9th century BC, when the whole Highland united in the Kingdom of Van (or Araratian Kingdom), a powerful state in the Ancient Near East.
The Exhibition presents:
- a selection of about one thousand finds from archeological excavations, going on nowadays on the territory of Armenia
- exceptional specimens of agriculture, metalwork, pottery and other crafts from the stages of the Bronze Age (the Middle Bronze Age, 23rd-15th centuries BC and the Late Bronze Age, 15th-11th centuries BC): highly artistic bronze statuettes and sculptural groups, various kinds of arms and armament, wooden carts, the earliest proof in the history of transport
- clay vessels, sculptures made of burned clay and bronze, weapons, adornments, utensils, goblets and belts with many-figured narrative scenes, excavated from the burial mounds of tribal chiefs and priests, and bearing witness to our ancestors’ worship, their cosmic notions and beliefs symbolizing the sun, the water and the ideas of fertility.